History of the department

“If the testimonials of the eyes were larger

 power by the testimonies of the mind, then, no doubt,

 the palm of the championship had to be awarded to the eagle. ”

This statement of the Roman writer Apuleius (125-180 BC) is a very important aspect of deep thought, as it seems, directly related to the subject and essence of the medical discipline – histology, cytology and embryology. Its microscopic methods of studying the structure of the organism are nothing but the eagle’s star, but the richer theoretical heritage is the scientific inheritance of eminent researchers XVII , XVIII , XIX , XXage is the testimony of reason. Thus, both statements or assumptions of the mentioned Roman culture are organically combined against the background of subtle morphological knowledge. However, with regard to the palm of primacy, let it remain an eternal good promise for each of the sciences that propel humanity to self-knowledge in the eternity of the life of the infinite cosmos. Another pertinent statement of the seventeenth-century physicist Hess Hall, several lines from his letter to his bride:

“If everything that we call the cosmos was formed – from atoms that do not know peace in their, like a whirlwind, motion – how did you happen to be such a unique beauty and I am in love? …”

Webster, a world-renowned biologist, is confident that life on Earth is the true uniqueness of the cosmos. Webster calls cells with a nucleus of cosmic uniqueness, a separate “microscope” with continuous chemical activity and a continuous flow of energy. This is the cell that is the egg. In addition, it is a uniqueness of uniqueness, because in the case of fertilization, it realizes its status as totipotent unit, which is able to create the whole organism. Embryology. embryology general, medical, experimental – gives an exhaustive answer to Hes Hall’s humorous question.


 What is the feature of the subject of histology? It is with all the pros and cons is really a comprehensive discipline. From the comprehensive doctrine of cell (cytology) and the development of the organism (embryology), theories of evolution and composition of all tissues of the organism   (general histology) to the light and electron microscopic structure of the organs of all without exclusion of organism systems (systemic histology).

So what’s the special feature? It plays the role of the cornerstone of the structural foundations of all, without exception, the functions of all systems on the principles of material physical connections and physiological interdependencies.   


In 1930 a correspondence medical institute was opened in Vinnytsia – a branch of the All-Ukrainian Institute of Correspondence Medical Education (VIZMO). In 1931 the Department of Histology was founded. The first head of the department was pathologist N.Vakulenko (1890-1962), assistant worked GP GP Baranovsky. In 1932 the Vinnytsia Correspondence Medical Institute was reorganized into an evening production institute. In 1934, by order of the People’s Commissar of Health of Ukraine, a stationary medical institute was organized in Vinnitsa. 

In 1935 the chair was headed by Professor VEFomin (1876-1940), a graduate of Moscow University. Thanks to prof. The department was well equipped and equipped with reagents. Assistants were VD Bukhovets, GI Kashlakova, SA Pletnev and EP Topchiyev. VEFomin’s studies were devoted to the study of the development of adipose tissue (doctoral dissertation “On the development of adipose tissue in some mammals”, Moscow, 1917). In 1937, prof. VEFomin delivered his lectures “Special histology with embryology” (Vinnitsa, 1937).

In the pre-war period, the department provided mainly the educational process. 

During the Nazi occupation, the equipment of the department was destroyed. 

After the liberation of Vinnitsa from fascist invaders, the medical institute resumed its work and in August 1944 the head alumnus IV Almazov (1903-1972) was elected head of the department . Thanks to the efforts of IVAlmazov and assistants IDGaydey, PFShamray, VDVakolyuk the department was completely restored and all conditions were created for students to pass the course of histology, cytology, embryology, and at the same time scientific activity began.

Almazov IV

During the leadership of the department of Professor Almazov IV (1944-1969) basic scientific researches concerned the study of morphology of blood and blood-forming organs in norm and pathology, age and comparative morphology of the organ of sight of man and laboratory animals. In 1950, IV Almazov defended his doctoral dissertation “The Origin of Blood Plates”. Assistant ID Heidey studied the histological features of the prostate and the ovary of a person in ontogeny, assistant PF Shamray – age peculiarities of the morphology of the uterus of women of the reproductive period, as well as age-related changes and comparative morphology of the pineal gland-like animals . In 1964 she defended her Ph.D. VDVakolyuk on the topic: ”  In the candidate’s dissertation of assistant of PF Shamray “Changes of cells of a wound infiltrate in an organism and a culture of fabrics” (1966) it was established that in the process of wound healing and in the conditions of tissue culture lymphocytes and monocytes of a wound infiltrate are transformed into free macrophages and fibroblasts.

In July 1969 Professor IVAlmazov retired due to illness and in August of that year the department was headed by Assoc. PF Shamray (since 1966 Candidate of Medical Sciences). In the practical classes, students were provided with workplaces with microscopes and micro-drug kits. The theoretical material was well supported by tables, dummies, color slides, electronic micrographs, and microproduct diagnostics. Technical means of teaching were widely used at lectures and practical classes. Considerable work has been done to improve the educational process, optimize it and increase the effectiveness of training in general and specialty histology. The laboratory of the department was equipped with the necessary equipment and reagents, they were performed  scientific research.

Shamray PF 

Associate Professor PF Shamray in 1980 defended his doctoral thesis “Morphology of the wound process under the conditions of pesticide exposure in the experiment”.

The composition of the department in the early 80’s.

From left to right (in the first row): Assoc. Prof. AV Rychko, Assoc. Ivanenko, Prof..PF Shamray, Assoc. Without loot, Assoc. RPPiskun;

second row: art. VD Shatalyuk, Ass. NVKlchikovskaya, Lab.Chub RA, Ass. VV Kravchuk, lab. LM Shakhovtseva, senior scientist V.P.Onikien co. 

In 1980 she defended her Ph.D. thesis assistant RP Piskun on the topic: “The effect of phenicaberan derivatives on the course of experimental atherosclerosis compared with clofibrate.” The obtained data, based on the study of the histological structure of the internal organs, recorded the reverse development of atherosclerotic changes in cholesterol atherosclerosis in rabbits and allowed us to more fully present the pharmacological properties of the studied drugs. The results of the studies were used in the clinical application of fenicaberane and were taken into account in the preparation of materials in the pharmacological Committee of the Ministry of Health of the USSR on the characteristics of its properties. 

 In 1985 the assistant of the department NV Kulchikovska defended her PhD thesis “Morphological changes of the thymus, spleen and lymph nodes under the influence of polychlorpinene and tetramethylthiuramdisulfide”. 

The staff of the department participated in congresses and conferences, successfully presented scientific reports at the VI, VS and IX All-Union congresses of anatomists, histologists and embryologists (1958, 1974, 1981), at the I Ukrainian Congress of Anatomists, Histologists and Embryologists (1980), VI of the Ukrainian Republican Conference of Anatomists, Histologists and Embryologists (1975), I Congress of USSR Pathologists (1970), In All-Union Scientific Conference on the Newest Issues of Pesticide Hygiene (1975), V Conference on Age-related Morphology at the Academic Academy (1961), Republican conferences at the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1982) and at several other congresses and conferences. In 1972, Assoc. PF Shamray was a delegate to the 5th International Congress on Rural Medicine (Varna, Bulgaria), where he gave a presentation “

1985 Ph.D. thesis on “Structural support for macromolecule resorption by lymphatic vessels of the mesentery of the small intestine of the rabbit” was defended by Assistant King A.P. 

At the beginning of 1989. because of a serious illness he left the position of the head of the department prof. PF Shamray.

For the next three years, from 1989 to September 1992, the Department of Histology, Cytology and Embryology was headed by Associate Professor E.A. It is bloodless.

During this period (1989) defended her dissertation as. V.M. Onikienko on the theme “Bone tissue morphogenesis in the correlation of immobilization stress with sodium succinate”. She has worked at the Department of Histology since 1983. to 1998. (continued its activity at the NDC of our university).

At the same stage (1990) the candidate’s dissertation was assisted by assistant V.V. Kravchuk: “Post-traumatic liver regeneration in chronic exposure to polychlorpin.”

In the fall of 1992 Assoc. R.P. Piskun defended his doctoral thesis: “Functional morphology of internal organs in experimental cholesterolosis with drugs of different mechanism of action.” The following year, she headed the department of medical biology and received the scientific title of professor.

 In 1992, the head of the department was appointed Doctor of Medical Sciences Pushkar MS, who had previously worked at the Department of Pathological Anatomy.

 The scientific direction of the department at this stage is experimental studies of the impact on the adult organism and the offspring of small doses of pesticides, cytostatics, – the study of the immune system and immunopathological conditions, the effect on the body of small doses of natural radiation in the form of radon therapeutic baths.

 In 2003 Pivovarova L.P. defended her thesis: “Morphofunctional changes in the myocardium of rats under the action of small doses of simasin and their correction with thymogemin”. This year post-graduate student Terekhovsk and OI defended her thesis on the topic: “Structure of the thymus of the offspring of rats after previous exposure to them with pesticide simazine and the possibility of correction.”   

In 2004, MA Oev defended his Ph.D. thesis on “Morphological criteria for the correction of changes in the liver of rats after skin cryodestruction” by Mexidol . Gunas IV (assistant of the department since 2003).   

In 2011, Tortoise OL  defended her thesis on the topic: “Features of the relationship of hemodynamics indices with anthropometric parameters of adolescents of different somatotypes.” 

In 2012, MA Oev defended his doctoral dissertation on the topic:  “Constitutional and age patterns of changes in sonographic morpho-functional parameters of the heart in healthy boys and girls.” 

In 2015 Makarova OI defended her candidate thesis on the theme: “Morphological changes in the lungs of rats in the distant period after skin burn and under the conditions of its correction with complex infusion preparations”

In 2017 Makarchuk I.M. defended her dissertation on the topic: “Constitutional features of boys and girls of Podillya with acne disease”

In 2017, Henna V.O. defended her dissertation on the topic: “Morphometric parameters of the thyroid gland of healthy men and women”


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